In ancient cities, wastes were thrown on unpaved streets and roadside, where they were left to accumulate. This method of waste disposal that is still practiced in some places till date. The first known law forbidding this practice was established in Athens in 320 BCE. Afterwards a system for waste removal began to evolve, as property owners became responsible for cleaning the streets fronting their property. Organized waste collection emerged associated with only States sponsored events. Before now waste disposal methods were very crude, involving open pits located just outside the city walls. As populations increased, efforts were made to transport waste farther out from the cities.
From the 19th century a technological approach towards solid waste management developed, such as the production and use of watertight garbage cans and sturdier vehicles were used to collect and transport wastes. This also includes refuse incinerator, disposable bags etc.
Waste could be hazardous or nonhazardous. Certain types of wastes that cause immediate danger to exposed individuals or environments are classified as hazardous while nonhazardous wastes such as domestic waste, municipal solid waste are those type of waste that are collected within a community and transport to a processing or disposal site.
Refuse includes garbage and rubbish which are sourced from residential, commercial, institutional, and industrial activities. While Garbage is mostly decomposable food waste; rubbish is mostly dry material such as glass, paper, cloth, or wood. Garbage is highly putrescible and decomposable, whereas rubbish is not. Trash is the same as rubbish and includes bulky items such as old refrigerators, couches, or large tree stumps. Trash requires special collection and handling.
There is also electronic waste, or e-waste, which includes discarded computer equipment, televisions, telephones, and a variety of other electronic devices. There is increasing concern over this type of waste, and escalating is Lead, mercury, and cadmium are among the materials found in electronic devices, Governmental policies are required to regulate the disposal and recycling of such type of waste.
We at International Center for Environmental Health and Development are more concerned about the adverse impact of waste, on health and environment, especially the health of women and children and people whose health are already compromised, what we give to the environment is what it gives back to us, beginning from our homes, we need to carefully collect our waste, in neatly cellophane layer bins that are covered and disposed daily in a careful manner, waste must never be littered anywhere, to avoid them getting into the drains, to clog the water ways and cause flooding. Waste must never be left careless scattered or opened to avoid rodents from getting in, or to allow the wind blow them away causing polluted environment, we must learn to practice proper waste disposal for proper hygienic health and surrounding, this is very crucial in current times considering COVID-19 and current health situation. We at ICEHD dispose our nonhazardous waste by bagging our waste in plastic bag/bin and disposing it off neatly for the state Waste Management Authority workers to dispose of it. Your health and environmental cleanliness matters to us.